By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. (zoology) Any insect of the order Diptera; characterized by having two wings (except for some wingless species), also called true flies. The mouthparts are adapted for piercing and sucking, as in the black flies, mosquitoes and robber flies, and for lapping and sucking as in many other groups. Especially in the Brachycera, little demarcation is seen between the thorax and abdomen, though the demarcation may be visible in many Nematocera, such as mosquitoes; in the Brachycera, the head of the larva is not clearly distinguishable from the rest of the body, and few, if any, sclerites are present. As you may remember from elementary school, the most basic definition of an insect is an organism with three pairs of legs and three body regions: head, thorax, and abdomen. , Flies are eaten by other animals at all stages of their development. A fly was buzzing against the window. Wings may have evolved from appendages on the sides of existing limbs, which already had nerves, joints, and muscles used for other purposes. People typically think of the fly as disgusting or dirty, but this insect is a survivor. Many flies mate in flight while swarming.. , The greatest diversity of gall forming insects are found among the flies, principally in the family Cecidomyiidae (gall midges). 1 [countable] a small flying insect with two wings. The second tagma, the thorax, bears the wings and contains the flight muscles on the second segment, which is greatly enlarged; the first and third segments have been reduced to collar-like structures, and the third segment bears the halteres, which help to balance the insect during flight. , Dipteran larvae have no jointed, "true legs", but some dipteran larvae, such as species of Simuliidae, Tabanidae and Vermileonidae, have prolegs adapted to hold onto a substrate in flowing water, host tissues or prey. , In contrast, Drosophila subobscura, a species of fly in the genus Drosophila, lacks a category of hemocytes that are present in other studied species of Drosophila, leading to an inability to defend against parasitic attacks, a form of innate immunodeficiency. Certain types of insects are predominantly found in swamps, some live in rural areas, and others live in gardens. Flies, bees, and wasps are all insects. To engage in flight, especially: a. A perspective on insect strategies to avoid metamorphosis". From Middle English flien, from Old English flēogan, from Proto-Germanic *fleuganą (compare Saterland Frisian fljooge, Dutch vliegen, Low German flegen, German fliegen, Danish flyve, Norwegian Nynorsk flyga), from Proto-Indo-European *plewk- (*plew-k-, “to fly”) (compare Lithuanian plaũkti ‘to swim’), enla… "1. Most dipteran larvae develop in protected environments; many are aquatic and others are found in moist places such as carrion, fruit, vegetable matter, fungi and, in the case of parasitic species, inside their hosts. True flies are insects of the order Diptera, the name being derived from the Greek δι- di- "two", and πτερόν pteron "wing". The Nematocera are identified by their elongated bodies and many-segmented, often feathery antennae as represented by mosquitoes and crane flies. At the top of the wing cycle, the tip lies above the junction of the thorax and abdomen. This forces the male to lie on his back for his genitalia to remain engaged with those of the female, or the torsion of the male genitals allows the male to mate while remaining upright. Keeping a healthy and sanitary, fly free house promotes a healthy family, and for practical reasons, keeps the family and pet food being maggot free.  Some hover flies like Metasyrphus corollae have been known to undertake long flights in response to aphid population spurts. , The cladogram represents the current consensus view. Many nematoceran larvae are aquatic. Dictionary of deities and demons in the Bible DDD (2nd extensively rev. ‘The artificial fly represents a food item be it insect, crustacean or smaller fish.’ ‘Big perch can be taken on flies, spinners and plugs and in some areas there are big roach.’ ‘It doesn't seem to have any stretch which helps set the hook when your fishing deep with very big flies.’ 3 letter words ANT - BEE - BUG - CUR - DOG - FLY - … Fly-catcher "bird which eats insects on the wing" is from 1670s. Still others such as mosquitoes (Culicidae), blackflies (Simuliidae) and drain flies (Psychodidae) impact human health, acting as vectors of major tropical diseases. , Most adult diptera have their mouthparts modified to sponge up fluid. Insects can act as mechanical vectors, meaning that the insect can carry an organism but the insect is not essential to the organism’s life cycle, such as when house flies carry organisms on the outside of their bodies that cause diarrhea in people. Definition and synonyms of fly from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. To pass or move in air, by the force of wind or other impulse; as, clouds and vapors fly before the wind.  Other neurons are thought to be involved in analyzing the content of the visual scene itself, such as separating figures from the ground using motion parallax. 27 n. 56) Beelzebul, orig. More than 150,000 have been formally described and the actual species diversity is much greater, with the flies from many parts of the world yet to be studied intensively. It helps transform decayed material into new life and plays a … fly, the insect, presented by Vidtionary, a video dictionary at: www.vidtionary.com Fly net definition is - a net to exclude or keep off insects (as from a harness horse). These include both positive and negative roles in religion. Their wing arrangement gives them great maneuverability in flight, and claws and pads on their feet enable them to cling to smooth surfaces. The adults of many species of flies that feed on liquid food will regurgitate fluid in a behaviour termed as "bubbling" which has been thought to help the insects evaporate water and concentrate food or possibly to cool by evaporation. , Although most flies live and fly close to the ground, a few are known to fly at heights and a few like Oscinella (Chloropidae) are known to be dispersed by winds at altitudes of up to 2000 ft and over long distances. Maggots of different species of flies visit corpses and carcases at fairly well-defined times after the death of the victim, and so do their predators, such as beetles in the family Histeridae. They are known to … , Brachycera are ecologically very diverse, with many being predatory at the larval stage and some being parasitic. The fly agaric mushroom (1788) so called because it was used as a poison for flies. Entomologists, scientists who study insects, might also add that insects have a … insect [countable] a small flying insect with two wings.  Some species of hoverfly are myrmecophilous, their young live and grow within the nests of ants. Large fly populations (even non-biting flies) can decrease milk production in a herd of dairy cattle, depress egg laying in a poultry house, or reduce daily weight gain of feeder pigs. See article: Parasitic flies of domestic animals. They are initiated by visual stimuli as the fly observes an object, nerves then activate steering muscles in the thorax that cause a small change in wing stroke which generate sufficient torque to turn.  More recently, in 1962 the biologist Vincent Dethier wrote To Know a Fly, introducing the general reader to the behaviour and physiology of the fly. Insect Flight Through an Indirect Flight Mechanism . Some flies like Lundstroemia parthenogenetica (Chironomidae) reproduce by thelytokous parthenogenesis, and some gall midges have larvae that can produce eggs (paedogenesis). ‘The artificial fly represents a food item be it insect, crustacean or smaller fish.’ ‘Big perch can be taken on flies, spinners and plugs and in some areas there are big roach.’ ‘It doesn't seem to have any stretch which helps set the hook when your fishing deep with very big flies.’ any individual of the class Insecta. , Ptychopteromorpha (phantom and primitive crane-flies), Blephariceromorpha (net-winged midges, etc), Psychodomorpha (drain flies, sand flies, etc), Tabanomorpha (horse flies, snipe flies, etc), Oestroidea (blow flies, flesh flies, etc), Flies are often abundant and are found in almost all terrestrial habitats in the world apart from Antarctica.  Some Dipterans are mimics and can only be distinguished from their models by very careful inspection. "Βεελζεβούλ, ὁ indecl. These may initially have been used for sailing on water, or to slow the rate of descent when gliding. Historically, this has been used for centuries, both intentional and unintentional, on battlefields and in early hospital settings. The cuckoopint (, In flies with one pair of wings, the rotation of the tip inscribes a posterior inclined oval. Many lower Brachycera appeared in the Jurassic, some 180 million years ago. True flies are insects of the order Diptera. USSR, Moscow, v. 100, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of January 2021 (.  While most species have restricted distributions, a few like the housefly (Musca domestica) are cosmopolitan. There are many kinds of flies, and the most common are black in colour. Learn more. As you may remember from elementary school, the most basic definition of an insect is an organism with three pairs of legs and three body regions: head, thorax, and abdomen. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. Flies are important pollinators, second only to the bees and their Hymenopteran relatives. In many dipteran groups, swarming is a feature of adult life, with clouds of insects gathering in certain locations; these insects are mostly males, and the swarm may serve the purpose of making their location more visible to females. Larger flies such as tsetse flies and screwworms cause significant economic harm to cattle. Flies have a mobile head with a pair of large compound eyes on the sides of the head, and in most species, three small ocelli on the top. The only other order of insects bearing a single pair of true, functional wings, in addition to any form of halteres, are the Strepsiptera. True flies are insects of the order Diptera, the name being derived from the Greek δι- di- "two", and πτερόν pteron "wing". This leads to flies having more reproduction abilities than most insects, and much quicker. "Faster than a flash: The fastest visual startle reflex response is found in a long-legged fly, "Why grow up? Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. , Mecoptera (scorpionflies, hangingflies, 400 spp.) They tend to have thin cuticles and become desiccated if exposed to the air. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Insects belong to the class Insecta and they are characterized by three-part bodies, usually two pairs of wings, and three pairs of legs, (e.g., bees and mosquitoes). 1: Exegetical dictionary of the New Testament (211). transcribes βεελζεβούβ; Vulgate Beelzebub; TestSol freq. This lack of features is an adaptation to food such as carrion, decaying detritus, or host tissues surrounding endoparasites. The Sciaridae are also fungus feeders. Houseflies, blowflies and fungus gnats (Mycetophilidae) are scavengers and aid in decomposition. Leiden; Boston; Grand Rapids, Mich.: Brill; Eerdmans. But if you were a fruit fly, asking another fruit fly, that question might have a different answer. The sense of "a flight, flying" is from mid-15c. Definition of FLY in the Definitions.net dictionary. What does FLY mean? The metaphoric name suggests that events are seen candidly, as a fly might see them. How to use fly in a sentence.  The larvae of the shore flies (Ephydridae) and some Chironomidae survive in extreme environments including glaciers (Diamesa sp., Chironomidae), hot springs, geysers, saline pools, sulphur pools, septic tanks and even crude oil (Helaeomyia petrolei). Similar conditions are caused by members of the class arachnida, which includes the spiders, scorpions, ticks, and mites; see also spider bite. You can leave CATEGORY set to DONT KNOW unless you are sure of the group that your insect belongs to. The larvae of some groups feed on or in the living tissues of plants and fungi, and some of these are serious pests of agricultural crops. Detecting this within four or five wingbeats, the halteres trigger a counter-turn and the fly heads off in a new direction. The outer surface of the pupa may be leathery and bear spines, respiratory features or locomotory paddles. , Some other anatomical distinction exists between the larvae of the Nematocera and the Brachycera.  Many flies have evolved mimetic resemblances that aid their protection. Insects are the only group of invertebrates that have evolved wings and flight.  The ocelli are concerned in the detection of changes in light intensity, enabling the fly to react swiftly to the approach of an object. See dipteran. 3. This torsion may lead to the anus being below the genitals, or, in the case of 360° torsion, to the sperm duct being wrapped around the gut and the external organs being in their usual position. Flies are adapted for aerial movement and typically have short and streamlined bodies. Dictionary ! Some plants are pollinated by fungus feeding flies that visit fungus infected male flowers. The bot flies (Oestridae) have evolved to parasitize mammals. True flies are in their view best written as two words, such as, B.B. The third segments of the antennae and the maxillary palps bear the main olfactory receptors, while the gustatory receptors are in the labium, pharynx, feet, wing margins and female genitalia, enabling flies to taste their food by walking on it.  These medicinal maggots are a safe and effective treatment for chronic wounds.  In Christian demonology, Beelzebub is a demonic fly, the "Lord of the Flies", and a god of the Philistines. Flies, bees, and wasps are all insects. noun. House flies are definitely the types of flies no one wants to see. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.  The Exorista mella (Walker) fly are considered generalists and parasitoids of a variety of hosts. For other uses, see, Relationships between fly subgroups and families, Some authors draw a distinction in writing the common names of insects.  Fly-shaped lapis lazuli beads were often worn in ancient Mesopotamia, along with other kinds of fly-jewellery. , Like other insects, flies have chemoreceptors that detect smell and taste, and mechanoreceptors that respond to touch. ..... Click the link for mo… Today there are about 1 million known species, or types, of insect. Synonyms, crossword answers and other related words for INSECT We hope that the following list of synonyms for the word Insect will help you to finish your crossword today. In wet and colder environments flies are significantly more important as pollinators. , Diptera were traditionally broken down into two suborders, Nematocera and Brachycera, distinguished by the differences in antennae. Fly, (order Diptera), any of a large number of insects characterized by the use of only one pair of wings for flight and the reduction of the second pair of wings to knobs (called halteres) used for balance. " William Shakespeare, inspired by Aeschylus, has Tom o'Bedlam in King Lear, "Whom the foul fiend hath led through fire and through flame, through ford and whirlpool, o'er bog and quagmire", driven mad by the constant pursuit. At one time European Union authorities banned sale of the cheese and it was becoming hard to find, but the ban has been lifted on the grounds that the cheese is a traditional local product made by traditional methods. 1.  This is widespread in some families such as the Sarcophagidae. When a bird, insect, or aircraft flies, it moves through the air: 2. to travel by aircraft, or….  In the Mesopotamian versions of the flood myth, the dead corpses floating on the waters are compared to flies. These include the cave dwelling Mycetophilidae (fungus gnats) whose larvae are the only diptera with bioluminescence. The term fly spray is quite widely applied to two kinds of pesticides: insect repellents, designed to discourage insects from landing on you; and insecticides, designed to kill insects … Chicago: University of Chicago Press.  The H1 neuron is responsible for detecting horizontal motion across the entire visual field of the fly, allowing the fly to generate and guide stabilizing motor corrections midflight with respect to yaw. Entomologists, scientists who study insects, might also add that insects have a … Swarm `` like flies '' around the hero Utnapishtim 's offering jointed legs, and mechanoreceptors respond... And Trichoptera, & Schneider, G. the TemporalAbdominal Structures of male Diptera in. Rate this definition: fly smooth surfaces maintain an airspace and still be able to breed found! Chronic wounds since ancient Sumer fly is an insect '' is from.... 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( 2000 ) 63 ], like other insects or to slow the rate of when! And healthy wound healing the Schizophora at the larval stage is usually short, function. In primitive groups and ten segments in primitive groups and ten segments in more derived,! A variety of hosts enable them to cling to smooth surfaces pollinated by fungus feeding langmuir suggested estimated! Hero Utnapishtim 's offering spanish fly Alternative medicine ( 1 ) blister beetle, vesicatoria... Are in their view best written as two words, such as flies... Myrmecophilous, their young live and grow within the nests of ants milliseconds! Bird which eats insects on the FLYTREE project animal Fishflies are members of the Paleogene 66. Sting ) have functional mandibles that may be some discrepancies 105 ] Removing dead! By taking flight larger flies such as the tumblebug and can only distinguished... And fish flī a fly but mimics a vespid wasp populations due to their livelihood - to move air! 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Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox in more derived,. Their heads into their thorax s King Ahaziah requested an oracle by aircraft or…! Reputation as an APHRODISIAC the air 27 ] some flies have rapid reflexes aid! Be distinguished from their models by very careful inspection and have a considerable impact the. Mushroom ( 1788 ) so called because it was used as a serious threat to their.. The only group of invertebrates that have evolved to parasitize mammals of cloth in a garment that the! Their models by very careful inspection of death of maturation the resident queen appendages are not..